In Chile, O. Fournier has selected the most exciting areas to develop vineyards and produce wines. The region of Lo Abarca, where our 35-hectare property is situated, is located in San Antonio Valley, three miles from the Pacific Ocean. The altitude is approximately 150 to 200 meters above sea level. The ocean’s influence produces cool temperatures with maximums and minimums of 25ºC and 10ºC respectively. This conditions allow the production of wines with excellent aromas, acidity, elegance and structure, especially appropriate for the white varietals (Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling) and certain red varietals (Pinot Noir, Tempranillo).
The continental climate is moderated by Pacific influence. The average rainfall is moderate with 300 to 400 mm per year, mainly in the Spring and the Autumn, which makes irrigation in the Summer months necessary. The rigorous climate, with large temperature differences, and minimal rainfall, determines low yields and produces high-quality grapes.
Generally, the soils that can be found in Lo Abarca are extremely varied, given the extremely old geological age of region, with diverse layers of sand, gravel, clay, iron and granite. The great majority of the soils are poor in organic material, which also facilitates the production of outstanding grapes.
The region of Maule, where the other red varietal vineyards are located, has an altitude of approximately of 300 to 400 meters above sea level. The latitude of these properties also produce a large temperature amplitude (maximum temperatures of 32º and minimum of 9º during the Summer. which help to produce wines of excellent color, elegance, low alcohol, natural acidity, structure and are suitable for long barrel aging.
The rainfall is moderate, between 400 and 600 mm per year, mainly in the Spring and the Autumn with some sporadic storm precipitation during the summer. The rigorous climate, with large climate differences, and minimal rainfall determines low yields and produces high-quality grapes.
Generally, the soils that can be found in the vineyards of Maule are predominately composed of stone, limestone, sand and clay layers, very similar to those of the Ribera del Duero, in Spain. The great majority are also poor in organic material. It is also worth mentioning that it is extremely difficult to find these types of soils in Chile.